People have different sizes and shapes. Having a healthy weight is greatly affected by various factors such as cultural background, genetic structures, muscle mass, and weight history. Because of this diversity, it is a challenge to identify what a healthy weight really is.
In terms of health, an individual’s normal weight has the lowest risk of acquiring chronic disease and cancer. According to experts, having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 18.5- 24.9 kg/m2 is normal with a low risk of illnesses.
Identifying your BMI
As per weight classification in Canada, BMI is measured based on weight. They calculate the BMI by focusing on the health of the whole population, not per individual.
Here’s how BMI is being interpreted for those aged 18 and above (adults):
- BMI is below 18.5 (Underweight)
- Between 18.5 to 24.9 (Normal weight)
- BMI is 25 to 29.9 (Overweight)
- BMI is 30 and above (Obese)
Changes in Lifestyle
Small changes in your lifestyle can greatly affect your health such as cutting down your calorie intake. In order to reduce your chances to acquire chronic diseases, like hypertension and diabetes, you need to lose weight by 5-10%. If you decide to change your lifestyle, you are also improving your health.
Ideas on healthy eating
If you have no idea about how to begin changing your way of eating to manage your weight well, here’s how:
- Store healthy foods at home and put away unhealthy snacks or foods out of your sight.
- Make sure to fill more than half of your eating plate with various vegetables.
- Drink plenty of water at all times
- Avoid eating fatty foods high in sugar
- Allow yourself to dine out once or twice a week only
- Create a diary of your food and drink intake
- Avoid eating processed foods